PARAMETERS OF THE ACROMION PROCESS FOR HUMAN SEX IDENTIFICATION

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Abstract


The sex identification by the various parameters of the bones is one of the most important tasks of osteology and forensic science.

Objectives. To develope evidence-based diagnostic criteria for determining a person’s gender in the context of forensic identification of the person using some parameters of the scapula: the length and width of the acromion process.

Material and methods. The study material was 108 corpses aged 19 to 99 years old from the central region of Russia examined in 2016. The causes of death were diseases of the cardiovascular system, poisoning with ethanol and/or narcotics, complex mechanical trauma. Morphological, morphometric and osteometric methods were used as well as mathematical using statistical software.

Results. New criteria were obtained for the sex identification by certain parameters of the scapula. The use of the established data will make it possible to reasonably reduce the range of osteological examinations in favor of a targeted sampling of material which will reduce the time and economic costs of the morphometric bone examinations as well as increase the evidence-based value of expert’s report in criminal procedure.


About the authors

A. A. Chertovskikh

Bureau of Forensic Medical Expertise of the Department of Public Health of Moscow

Author for correspondence.
Email: traumfilipp@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1777-1752

Russian Federation

Cand. Sci. (Med.), 

3 Tarnyi Dr, Moscow, 115516

E. S. Tuchik

N.I. Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University

Email: rsmu@rsmu.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4330-2327

Russian Federation

Department of Forensic Medicine, Prof.

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